Stroke Briefing

 

FREESTYLE

 

Start- The forward start shall be used.

 

Stroke- The swimmer may choose to swim any style they want but their head must break the surface of the water by the 15 meter mark.  (use backstroke flags) Some part of the body must remain on the water surface throughout the race except for the first 15 meters after the start and after each turn.

 

Turns and Finish- Some part of the swimmer’s body must touch the wall at the end of each length of the swim.

 

 

BREASTSTROKE

 

Start- A forward start must be used

 

Stroke- At the start of the race and after each turn, the swimmer may take one arm pull completely back to the legs and one single butterfly kick followed by a breaststroke kick, in that order, while completely submerged.  The head must break the surface of the water by the time the arms have reached the widest part of the second arm pull.

Throughout the race the stroke cycle must be one arm stroke and one leg kick in that order.

From the beginning of the first arm stroke, the body shall be kept on the breast, and the arms shall be in the same horizontal plane with no alternating movement.

The hands must be pushed forward from the breast, on under or over the water.

The elbows must stay in contact with the water during the recovery phase of the arm stroke throughout the race except for the last stroke at the turn and finish.

The only time the hands may be brought back beyond the hipline is during the first arm pull after the start and each turn.

During each complete cycle, some part of the swimmers head shall break the surface of the water.

 

Kick- All movements of the legs shall be simultaneous and in the same horizontal plane without alternating movement.

The position of the toes is key to judging the breaststroke kick.  If the toes are pointed out during the propulsive part of the kick, it is a legal breaststroke kick.  If the feet are dropping with the toes still turned in while the knees are pulling up during the recovery it is illegal.

There shall be no scissors, flutter, or downward butterfly kick, except that a single butterfly kick may occur immediately after the start and after each turn prior to or simultaneously with the first arm pull followed by a breaststroke kick.  Breaking the surface of the water with the feet is not a disqualification unless accompanied by a downward butterfly kick.

 

Turns and Finish- At the turns and the finish, a two hand simultaneous touch is required at, above or below the surface of the water. The head may be submerged after the last arm pull prior to the touch, provided it breaks the surface of the water at some point during the last complete or incomplete cycle preceding the touch.

 

 

BACKSTROKE

 

Start- Swimmers will be in the water facing the start end with both hands placed on the gutter or starting grips. Immediately following the start, standing in or curling the toes over the lip of the gutter is not permitted.

 

Swim- The swimmer must be at or past vertical towards the back during the swim.

The head must break the surface of the water by the 15 meter mark and some part of the body must remain on the water surface throughout the swim, except for the first 15 meters after each turn and at the finish.  (use backstroke flags as a mark)

 

Turns- At each turn, some part of the swimmer must touch the wall.

The swimmer may turn past the vertical towards the breast at which time they may execute a single or simultaneous double arm pull, which may be used to initiate the turn. The turn must be initiated when the hand gets to the hip.

Once the swimmer has left their position on the back, there shall be no kick independent of the turning action.

The swimmer must be towards the back when the feet leave the wall after each turn.

 

Finish- The swimmer must touch the wall while on the back.

BUTTERFLY

 

Start- The forward start must be used

 

Stroke- After the start and after each turn, the swimmer’s shoulders shall be at or past vertical towards the breast.

The swimmer is permitted one or more kicks, but only one arm pull underwater which must bring them to the surface of the water.

The head must break the surface of the water by the 15 meter mark after the start and after each turn and some part of the body must remain on the water surface throughout the swim. (Note: in DSSL it is unlikely someone will be posted at the 15 M mark to determine this.  However, the call can be made by the S&T judges if it is an obvious violation, e.g., the swimmer comes up at the backstroke flags.)

During the swim, the arms must recover simultaneously over the water surface.  There shall be no underwater recovery. (does not have to be symmetrical-but does have to be simultaneous)

 

Kick- All movements of the legs and feet shall be simultaneous. The position of the legs or feet need not be on the same level, but shall not alternate in relation to each other. There shall be no alternating, scissors, or breaststroke kick.

 

Turns- At each turn the body shall be on the breast. There shall be a two hand simultaneous touch at, above or below the surface of the water. Once a touch has been made, the swimmer may turn in any manner desired. The shoulders must be past vertical toward the breast when the swimmer leaves the wall.

 

Finish- The body shall be on the breast and there shall be a two hand simultaneous touch at, above or below the surface of the water.

 

 

RELAYS

 

5 swimmers on each relay team; one from each age group except 6&U.  The first 2 swimmers swim 25 yards each; the next 3 swimmers swim 50 yards each.

The swimmers must swim in the order specified on the card.  The order may be changed anytime prior to the start of the race.

A relay team shall be disqualified if a member of the teams enters the water for his/her leg before the previous swimmer has touched the wall. Watch the feet on the block, then look down to wall to see that swimmer has touched.

The 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th swimmer may be in motion prior to starting, but may not take more than one step from his/her starting position before entering the water. If second swimmer is starting in the water, judgment of early take off will be from the hand leaving the wall.

 

 

 

DISQUALIFICATIONS

 

·   Any infraction of a stroke and turn rule is a disqualification

·   Unsportsmanlike conduct shall merit disqualification or other appropriate action by one of the coaches.

·   A swimmer must start and finish in the same lane.

·   Standing on the bottom during a freestyle race shall not disqualify a swimmer, but a swimmer must not leave the pool, or walk, or spring from the bottom.  Standing on the bottom during any other stroke (except during the turn) shall result in a disqualification.

·   Obstructing another swimmer shall disqualify the offender.

·   Any swimmer not entered in a race who enters the pool or course in the area in which said race is being conducted before all swimmers therein have completed the race shall be barred from the next individual race in which that swimmer is entered.

·   Should a foul endanger the chance of success of a swimmer, the coaches may allow the affected swimmer to re-swim the event.

·   No swimmer is permitted to wear or use any device or substance to help his/her speed or buoyancy during a race.

·   Grasping lane dividers to assist forward motion is not permitted.

 

 

 

DISABLED SWIMMERS

 

·   The coaches may make any accommodation appropriate for disabled swimmers.

·   Swimmers may be assisted in and out of the water or on and off the block.

·   A visually-impaired swimmer may have a “tapper” (a pole with a soft-tipped end), to notify them of turns and finishes.

·   In judging the stroke or kick of a physically-disabled swimmer, if a part of the body is absent or cannot be used, it is not judged.  If it is used normally during the stroke or kick, it must be judged according to the rules.

·   Judgement should be made based on the actual rule–not on the swimmer’s technique.  For example, a breaststroke swimmer with one arm or leg shorter than the other may have a nonsymmetrical stroke or kick, but as long as it was simultaneous, it would be legal.

·   Turns should be judged with the same philosophy.

 

 

Remember- ugly is not illegal!